Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with more than three million confirmed cases in 185 countries and more than 200,000 deaths.
The United States alone has more than one million confirmed cases – four times as many as any other country.
This series of maps and charts tracks the global outbreak of the virus since it emerged in China in December last year.
How many cases and deaths have there been?
The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.
It is spreading rapidly in many countries and the number of deaths is still climbing.
Note: The map and table in this page uses a different source for figures for France from that used by Johns Hopkins University which results in a slightly lower overall total.
The US has by far the largest number of cases, with more than one million confirmed infections, according to figures collated by Johns Hopkins University. With more than 60,000 fatalities, it also has the world’s highest death toll.
Italy, the UK, Spain and France – the worst-hit European countries – have all recorded more than 20,000 deaths.
In China, the official death toll is approaching 5,000 from about 84,000 confirmed cases. Numbers for deaths jumped on 17 April after what officials called “a statistical review” and critics have questioned whether the country’s official numbers can be trusted.
Note: The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average
The outbreak was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March. This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.
More than three million people are known to have been infected worldwide, but the true figure is thought to be much higher as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.
While the US and much of Europe has been hit hard by the virus, some countries have managed to avoid similar death tolls.
New Zealand, for instance, says it has effectively eliminated the threat for now after fewer than 1,500 cases and just 19 deaths.
The country brought in some of the toughest restrictions in the world on travel and activity early on in the pandemic but is now relaxing some of these. This week some non-essential businesses will be reopening but most people will still have to stay at home and avoid all social interactions.
While some countries are beginning to ease restrictions, others are only now starting to impose them as cases and deaths begin to rise.
Across Latin America, where many economies are already struggling and millions live on what they can earn day-to-day, there are concerns about the strain the growing number of virus cases could put on health care systems. Of particular concern are Ecuador and Brazil.
Ecuador has already seen its health system collapse – thousands have died from the virus and other conditions that could not be treated because of the crisis. While Brazil has also seen a steep rise in both cases and deaths, with every state in South America’s largest country affected.
Across the world, more than 4.5 billion people – half the world’s population – are estimated to be living under social distancing measures, according to the AFP news agency.
Those restrictions have had a big impact on the global economy, with the International Monetary Fund saying the world faces the worst recession since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The UN World Food Programme has also warned that the pandemic could almost double the number of people suffering acute hunger.
Europe beginning to ease lockdown measures
The four worst-hit countries in Europe are Italy, the UK, Spain and France – all of which have recorded at least 20,000 deaths.
However, all four countries appear to have passed through the peak of the virus now and the number of reported cases and deaths is falling in each.
Germany and Belgium also recorded a relatively high number of deaths and are now seeing those numbers decrease, though as Belgium has a far smaller population than Germany the number of deaths per capita there has been higher.
How countries across Europe are deciding to move out of lockdown varies, with the EU saying there is “no one-size-fits-all approach” to lifting containment measures.
Spain has announced a four-phase plan to lift its lockdown and return to a “new normality” by the end of June. Children there under the age of 14 are now allowed to leave their homes for an hour a day, after six weeks in lockdown.
In Italy, certain shops and factories have been allowed to reopen and the prime minister says further measures will be eased from 4 May.
In France, the prime minister said this week that non-essential shops and markets will open their doors again from 11 May, but not bars and restaurants. Schools will also be reopened gradually.
Other European countries easing restrictions include Austria, Denmark, Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Germany, where children’s play areas and museums have been told they can reopen and church services can resume, under strict social distancing and hygiene rules.
In the UK, where there have been more than 170,000 confirmed cases and at least 26,000 deaths, lockdown measures are still in full effect. The prime minister has promised a “comprehensive plan” in the next week on how the government will get the country moving again.
New York remains epicentre of US outbreak
With more than one million cases, the US has the highest number of confirmed infections in the world. The country has also recorded more than 60,000 deaths.
The state of New York has been particularly badly affected, with 18,000 deaths in New York City alone, but Governor Andrew Cuomo says the toll “seems to be on a gentle decline”.
Mr Cuomo has suggested some parts of his state could begin to reopen after the current stay-at-home order expires on 15 May.
At one point, more than 90% of the US population was under mandatory lockdown orders, but President Trump has stated that he will not be renewing his government’s social distancing guidelines once they expire on Thursday and some states have already begun to lift restrictions.
Georgia, Oklahoma, Alaska and South Carolina have all allowed some businesses to reopen in recent days following official unemployment figures that showed more than 30 million Americans have lost their jobs since mid-March.
But public health authorities have warned that increasing human interactions and economic activity could spark a fresh surge of infections just as the number of new cases is beginning to ease off.
White House coronavirus taskforce coordinator Dr Deborah Birx has said social distancing should remain the norm “through the summer to really ensure that we protect one another as we move through these phases”.
Tottenham striker Harry Kane has been ruled out until April after the club said he needs surgery on a hamstring injury.
Kane, 26, suffered the injury during Tottenham’s defeat at Southampton on New Year’s Day.
No timescale was originally given on the England captain’s return but Spurs now say specialists have advised surgery is required.
He will return to training in April, two months before Euro 2020 begins.
“Following ongoing assessment by our medical staff over the past week, we can confirm that Harry Kane will undergo surgery to repair a ruptured tendon in his left hamstring,” a Spurs statement said.
Kane has scored 27 goals in 31 appearances for club and country this season.
After the Southampton defeat, Tottenham manager Jose Mourinho said: “Everybody knows who he is, what he is, what he means for the team, the fans, the club.
“His quality, the routines that the team has playing with him, every minute of every game he doesn’t play we miss, so every match that he doesn’t play we’re going to miss him.”
Spurs are sixth in the Premier League, six points behind fourth-placed Chelsea.
As well as league games, Kane will miss his side’s Champions League last-16 tie with Germany’s RB Leipzig.
League Two side Leyton Orient have signed former Swindon Town goalkeeper Lawrence Vigouroux on free transfer.
The 26-year-old was without a club after leaving Chilean top-flight side Everton de Vina del Mar, and he has signed an 18-month deal with the O’s.
The move comes after Dean Brill was ruled out for the rest of the season with a hamstring injury.
“I think he’s going to make a very big impact here,” interim head coach Ross Embleton told the club website.
“It was disappointing, not so long ago, to lose Dean to a severe injury.
“It was a position we certainly needed to strengthen, despite the good performances by Sam Sargeant since he came into the team.”
Vigouroux, who had spells at Tottenham and Liverpool as a youngster, featured a total of 130 times for Swindon during a four-year stay at the County Ground which ended last summer.
His move to the Breyer Group Stadium is subject to international clearance.
Find all the latest football transfers on our dedicated page.
Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang scored his 12th Premier League goal of the season as Arsenal came from behind to draw at Bournemouth in Mikel Arteta’s first match in charge of the Gunners.
Midfielder Dan Gosling gave the hosts the lead from close range after Jack Stacey’s cut back before Arsenal’s captain came to the rescue.
Aubameyang struck with a first-time shot after Reiss Nelson’s attempt from the edge of the penalty area deflected into the Gabon forward’s path.
The Gunners have won just one of their last 11 league games, and despite watching his side come back to earn a point Arteta has his work cut out.
Work ahead for Arteta
Arsenal reach the midway point closer to the relegation zone than the top four and have now dropped 24 points from the last 11 top-flight games, with home matches against Chelsea on Sunday and Manchester United on 1 January coming up.
As the Arsenal players went to applaud the away fans at the end of an entertaining game, there was a special cheer for Arteta.
The Spaniard saw his side create a host of chances in the opening 45 minutes yet Aubameyang’s goal, a sweeping instinctive finish, was their first attempt on target after a string of missed chances, mainly by Alexandre Lacazette.
The Gunners once again made life hard for themselves, a careless pass allowing Gosling to put Bournemouth ahead towards the end of the first half – ending Arsenal’s chances of back-to-back clean sheets away in the Premier League for the first time since February 2016.
Mesut Ozil began the Arteta era with a recall and started well before being replaced by Joe Willock.
The young substitute had a chance to win it in the closing stages but Arsenal were far from clinical in front of goal and his shot was comfortably kept out by Aaron Ramsdale as Bournemouth secured a deserved point.
Cherries dig in for vital point
Bournemouth are just two points above the relegation zone yet this was a spirited performance by Eddie Howe’s side whose character has been questioned during the first half of the season.
Their first 19 games include losing to a Crystal Palace side reduced to 10 men for 71 minutes, losing at Newcastle after leading, allowing Burnley to score an 89th-minute winner and letting leads slip against Sheffield United and West Ham.
Against Arsenal, the Cherries produced the kind of defiant performance their fans have become accustomed to since promotion in 2015.
Steve Cook marked his return after four matches out with a fractured wrist with a gutsy performance at the back while Stacey, a League One player with Luton last season, produced a lovely assist for Gosling.
Former Everton and Newcastle player Gosling followed up his winner at Chelsea this month with a clever finish to score against the run of play.
Bournemouth had failed to manage a shot on target in two of their previous three matches.
They managed four in this game as they showed a determination that will have pleased Howe ahead of back-to-back away games at Brighton and West Ham, who sit immediately above and below them in the table.
Bournemouth don’t have long to prepare for their early kick-off at Brighton on Saturday (12:30 GMT). Arsenal have longer to recover before they entertain Chelsea in a heavyweight London showdown on Sunday (14:00).
More to follow.
A teenager who harassed two women when they refused to kiss on a London bus has had his sentence increased because of his “homophobic” actions, a court has heard.
Melania Geymonat and her date Christine Hannigan were pelted with coins and had a handbag stolen while on a Camden night bus on 30 May.
The 16-year-old and two others previously admitted targeting them.
His six-month youth referral order has been extended by two months.
The youth, who cannot be named due to his age, was also fined £100 and ordered to pay a surcharge of £20 at Wimbledon Magistrates’ Court.
He had admitted using threatening, abusive or insulting words or behaviour to cause harassment, alarm or distress against the two women.
He also pleaded guilty to stealing Ms Geymonat’s handbag and Ms Hannigan’s phone which were both found following his arrest.
Andrew Mooney, mitigating, said the 16-year-old had not thrown coins or made homophobic gestures like his co-defendants, but chair magistrate Peter Bullet increased the sentence due to its homophobic nature.
“It would seem it was both a homophobic trigger and the context for this offending behaviour,” Mr Bullet said.
Addressing the court, as part of a restorative justice programme, the teenager said he had hurt the two women, as well as his own family and friends.
When asked how he could make it up to them all, he replied that he must “show them that’s not the person I am”.
A 17-year-old was previously given a four-month youth rehabilitation order and supervision over the attack, while a third boy, 15, will be sentenced on 23 December.
The rumour parakeets arrived in the UK when rock star Jimi Hendrix released a pair in London’s Carnaby Street in the swinging 60s has finally been scotched.
They also didn’t escape across the country during the wrap party for the movie The African Queen, in 1951.
In fact, reported sightings from the 1860s have been uncovered, Goldsmiths and Queen Mary universities say.
Intentional releases may have also been encouraged in 1929-1931 and 1952 when fatal “parrot fever” hit the headlines.
The bright green non-native ring-necked parakeets now thrive across the UK.
Originally from Africa, it has become a successful invasive species in 34 countries on five continents, the study’s lead author, the late Steven Le Comber, says.
As well as the rumour from the Bogart and Hepburn classic, in 1951, another suggests that a flock kept at Syon Park escaped when a plane crashed through the aviary roof, in the 1970s.
However, the researchers found their spread across the UK is more mundanely down to repeated intentional releases and not to do with publicity stunts.
Numerous sensational accounts of human deaths due to psittacosis infections from birds were published in 1929.
And in 1932, the Middlesex County Times reported parakeets had been spotted in Epping Forest, with the paper blaming the “parrot disease scare” of 1931 for the observations in the wild.
“Scary” health stories often prompt a strong public reaction, said Sarah Elizabeth Cox, postgraduate history student at Goldsmiths.
“If you were told you were at risk being near one, it would be much easier to let it out the window than to destroy it,” she said.
This latest study used geographic profiling, a statistical technique originally developed in criminology to prioritise large lists of suspects in cases of serial crime, to analyse spatial patterns of parakeet sightings.
When applied to biological data, the model can identify the origin sites of diseases or introduction sites of invasive, non-native species.
None of the “suspect sites” connected to origin myths showed up prominently in the geoprofile of more than 5,000 unique records dating from 1968 – 2018.
By 1961, birds were a more popular pets than cats and dogs in the UK, with 11 million birds in captivity, of various species, and it seems obvious there would be an increase in escapes, researchers said.
Three men who say they were framed by a detective decades ago have had their cases quashed by the Court of Appeal.
Winston Trew, Sterling Christie and George Griffiths were part of a group known as the Oval Four.
They spent eight months in jail for assaulting a police officer and attempted theft.
The men, who belonged to a political organisation representing black people in London, have waited 47 years to have their convictions overturned.
|Venue: Recreation Ground Date: Friday, 29 November Kick-off: 19:45 GMT Coverage: Updates on BBC local radio and live scores on the BBC Sport website|
England trio Owen Farrell, Maro Itoje and Billy Vunipola will play for the first time since the World Cup final on Friday after being named in Saracens’ squad to face Bath in the Premiership.
All three are set to start for Sarries, who are bottom after their 35-point deduction for breaching the salary cap.
England team-mate Jamie George is also named in the Saracens XV for the first time since the World Cup in Japan.
Bath name Tom Homer at full-back in the absence of the injured Anthony Watson.
More to follow.
A 27-day rail strike during December and New Year will go ahead after two days of talks ended without agreement.
The Rail, Maritime and Transport (RMT) union said its members at South Western Railway (SWR) will walk out in a long-running dispute over guards on trains.
RMT general secretary Mick Cash said it was “increasingly clear” SWR was “not interested in reaching a settlement”.
SWR said it had promised to keep guards on trains and would do everything possible to keep customers moving.
It previously said the union was “purely focussed on keeping control of train doors in a misguided attempt to hold power over the industry”.
Mr Cash said: “Throughout these talks SWR have not shown any intention of moving the issues at the heart of the dispute forwards despite verbal assurances in earlier discussions.”
SWR managing director Andy Mellors said: “We promise that there will always be a guard on our trains. We also promise our guards will maintain a safety critical role on our trains.
“We believe that these promises deliver what the RMT has been asking for, so these strikes are unnecessary.”
Strike days are as follows:
- From 00:01 GMT on Monday 2 December until 23:59 on Wednesday 11 December
- From 00:01 on Friday 13 December until 23:59 on Tuesday 24 December
- From 00:01 on Friday 27 December 2019 until 23:59 on the 1 January
SWR is due to release a revised timetable next week.
Seventeen people have been arrested in early morning raids across east London in an international human trafficking investigation.
Officers went to 16 addresses after working with Romanian police, who simultaneously raided four addresses in Romania and arrested one man.
In London, police took 29 potential victims – women aged between 20 and 40 – to a “place of safety”.
The suspects – 14 men and three women – remain in custody in central London.
The 17 arrested people, who are aged between 17 and 50, are being held on suspicion of modern slavery, controlling prostitution, Class A drug offences and firearm offences.
‘One fell swoop’
Det Ch Insp Richard McDonagh, from the Metropolitan Police, said: “The Met recognises the seriousness of modern slavery and the devastation it brings to people’s lives.
“Today’s synchronised operational activity [had] the aim of, in one fell swoop, dismantling an organised crime network and providing support to the victims.”
The London raids were carried out in Redbridge, Havering, Barking and Dagenham, Newham, Brentwood and Tower Hamlets.
A spokesman for Romanian police in the UK said: “Romanian police officers working shoulder to shoulder with our British partners is a great achievement, a proof of our mutual permanent support and a great professional reward.
“The Romanian police is committed to continue its efforts in combating all forms of criminality together with the Metropolitan Police.”